Other Orthodontic Appliances
There are a number of orthodontic appliances that aid in treatment and can be used to correct any orthodontic problem. Here are some of the most common appliances and how they can benefit your treatment and contribute to your smile.
This appliance is a popular bite corrector. This device is designed to help move teeth into proper positions through Forsus springs and expansion. Application of this device can reduce the need for headgear or extractions of permanent teeth. Through continuous, gentle force, this appliance works 24 hours a day.
This is an appliance that is used to help move the upper first and second molars into proper positioning to correct a misaligned bite. This device is often used in combination with headgear and is typically more efficient in achieving the correction when combined with that appliance.
This appliance is one of the most effective devices for correcting severe misalignments in the teeth and jaw. As an early correction tool, this device creates a special force that guides the growth of the face and jaw for proper alignment. The back upper molars are gradually pushed into a correct bite.
Elastic Rubber Bands
These are common supplemental appliances used with braces to help move the teeth into proper alignment. The rubber bands connect to the brackets to force teeth into specific positions. They must be worn as directed to avoid prolonging treatment time due to a lack of desired movement in the teeth.
This appliance is a customized device that positions the jaw into correct alignment for a stable bite. It is best used during jaw growth to promote health alignment of both teeth and jaw. For maximum effectiveness, the appliance must be worn for 2-8 months and inspected every 4 weeks.
Rapid Palatal Expander (RPE)
For mouths where the upper arch is too narrow to properly fit with the lower arch, the upper arch must often be expanded. To accomplish this, an RPE device is installed to apply force to the upper arch for skeletal expansion. This appliance is custom made for the patient and is worn for 3-4 months to maintain the arch expansion while new bone formation takes place.
These are common devices to aid in the creation of space to allow for orthodontic bands. The separators are placed between adjacent teeth so that orthodontic bands can be fitted to the molar teeth. These devices can cause discomfort after being placed, but are essential for the orthodontic treatment in many patients.
Temporary Anchorage Devices, or TADs, are innovative devices that allow the orthodontist to move specific teeth in a desired direction without moving adjacent teeth. These devices are small titanium screws that are placed through the gum tissue and into the bone through a simple surgical procedure. These appliances can effectively shorten treatment time and reduce the need for other appliances.
This device is used to correct excessive overbites. This is composed of an acrylic pad that is cemented to the back of the upper four front teeth during eruption of the molars. When biting, the lower front teeth hit the acrylic pad and eliminate the deep bite. A wedge can help lessen the time spent in the second phase of orthodontic treatment by reducing the overbite. Time spent with this device will vary by the severity of the overbite.
These devices are final corrector tools meant to create a stable correction without the need to keep braces on for the last 6 months. These devices must be worn 18-22 hours for 2-4 weeks and can help with final alignments on the teeth at the end of the braces treatment.